Gluten being a great source of protein is harmful in many ways. The side effects vary from individual to individual. There are cases where people are affected by gluten as it is toxic for their bodies. The immune cells overreact to the consumption of gluten leading to autoimmune diseases. For instance, a person is intolerant to gluten yet he or she consumes it. The person will soon experience symptoms of gluten intolerance like inflammation.
The side effects of gluten consumption vary from mild to severe. These side effects are diarrhea, bloating, constipation, fatigue, weight loss, intestinal damage, and malnutrition. Some of these are a common symptom of celiac disease. Around 1 percent of the world population is affected by celiac disease. While most people of this 1% are mistreated or diagnosed wrongly. People affected by the celiac disease have chances to develop nerve disorder, anemia, infertility, and osteoporosis. In a couple of rare cases, it has led to cancer too.
The best way to avoid all these side effects and diseases is by removing gluten from your diet. A diet with zero gluten content reduces gluten intolerance as well. On the contrary, a strict gluten-free diet is tough to maintain. As most gluten content is found in whole grains with other nutrients, you need to stop consuming them. As a result, you miss out on a lot of valuable nutrient for restricting whole grain consumption. Unfortunately, there is no medical treatment for celiac disease apart from restricting gluten intake. Hence, you need to consult a dietitian for a gluten-free diet. Also to get the best alternatives for cereals and whole grains.
NCGS or GSE
NCGS (Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity) is also known as GSE (Gluten-Sensitive Enteropathy) refers to gluten intolerance. Quite similar to celiac disease, the symptoms are a little different. It has no health effects like celiac disease. In the cases of GSE, patients do not experience the elevation of foreign antibodies. They do not suffer from intestinal damage conditions as well.
GSE or NCGS cannot be diagnosed by any test. It can only be understood by the symptoms. For instance, if a patient is experiencing symptoms of autoimmune conditions but tests negative for celiac disease. He or she might be suffering from NCGS. This is the only way to determine this condition.
Wheat Allergy Gluten Intolerance
Allergy caused by the protein content found in wheat along with the diagnosis of positive immunoglobulin E blood test. Wheat contains a number of protein elements such as globulin, albumin, gluten, and gliadin. On one hand, the gluten intolerance causes celiac disease. On the other hand, wheat allergy can be caused by any of the four protein elements.
The symptoms of a wheat allergy range from mild to severe. They are itchy eyes, swelling of throat and mouth, itching of mouth, nausea, anaphylaxis, cramps, shortness of breath and diarrhea. It often develops in children rather than adults.
Dermatitis Herpetiformis (DH)
Consumption of gluten often leads to a skin rash known as Dermatitis Herpetiformis. Gluten intolerance often results in redness of the skin followed by itchiness, bumps, and blisters. It is also a symptom of celiac disease in some cases.
If you experience any such symptom, do consult your dietitian before switching your diet. You might have to curb your gluten intake due to this.